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PIC24/dsPIC details

Table of Contents

PIC24/dsPIC port implementation details

Context switch

The context switch is implemented using the external interrupt 0 (INT0). It is handled completely by the kernel, application should never touch it.


For detailed information about interrupts in TNeoKernel, refer to the page Interrupts.

PIC24/dsPIC TNeoKernel port supports nested interrupts. It allows to specify the range of system interrupt priorities. Refer to the section Interrupt types for details on what is system interrupt.

System interrupts use separate interrupt stack instead of the task's stack. This approach saves a lot of RAM.

The range is specified by just a single number: TN_P24_SYS_IPL, which represents maximum system interrupt priority. Here is a list of available priorities and their characteristics:

The kernel provides C-language macro for calling C-language system interrupt service routines.

Usage is as follows:

* Timer 1 interrupt handler using software interrupt context saving,
* PSV is handled automatically:
tn_p24_soft_isr(_T1Interrupt, auto_psv)
//-- clear interrupt flag
IFS0bits.T1IF = 0;
//-- do something useful
do not use this macro for non-system interrupt (that is, for interrupt of priority higher than TN_P24_SYS_IPL). Use standard way to define it. If you violate this rule, debugger will be halted by the kernel when entering ISR. In release build, CPU is just reset.

Atomic access to the structure bit field

The problem with PIC24/dsPIC is that when we write something like:

IPC0bits.INT0IP = 0x05;

We actually have read-modify-write sequence which can be interrupted, so that resulting data could be corrupted. PIC24/dsPIC port provides several macros that offer atomic access to the structure bit field.

The kernel would not probably provide that kind of functionality, but TNeoKernel itself needs it, so, it is made public so that application can use it too.

Refer to the page Atomic bit-field access macros for details.


For generic information on building TNeoKernel, refer to the page Building the project.

MPLABX project for PIC24/dsPIC port resides in the src/arch/pic24_dspic/tneokernel_pic24_dspic.X directory. This is a library project in terms of MPLABX, so if you use MPLABX you can easily add it to your main project by right-clicking Libraries -> Add Library Project ....

there are two configurations of this project: eds and no_eds, for devices with and without extended data space, respectively. When you add library project to your application project, you should select correct configuration for your device; otherwise, you get "undefined reference" errors at linker step.

Alternatively, of course you can just build it and use resulting .a file in whatever way you like.